By Jean Starobinski
Pourquoi dans l. a. vie quotidienne, affirme-t-on qu’une state of affairs intolérable appelle une réaction ? remark les biologistes en sont-ils venus à penser les rapports du vivant et du milieu en termes d’interaction ? Pour quelle raison l. a. psychiatrie a-t-elle adopté, il y a un siècle, l. a. catégorie des affections réactionnelles ? Pourquoi le idea d’abréaction fut-il inventé puis abandonné par los angeles première psychanalyse ? Que veut-on faire entendre, quand on déclare qu’une politique est réactionnaire ? Dire que le totalitarisme nazi fut une réaction au totalitarisme communiste, n’est-ce pas l’excuser ? Le mot « réaction » et ses dérivés offrent leurs providers pour l’explication causale comme pour los angeles compréhension par sympathie. Ils nous viennent à l’esprit quand nous cherchons des réponses à nos problèmes. Or ces mots, précisément, ne font-ils pas problème ?C’est l’occasion pour, Jean Starobinski, d’examiner les filières intellectuelles à travers lesquelles le mot « réaction » et ses dérivés nous sont parvenus. Ce livre remonte au rôle que leur attribua l. a. scolastique, mais aboutit aux interrogations qui entourent aujourd’hui l. a. thought de progrès, sans laquelle l. a. réaction politique ne peut être pensée. Il convoque aussi bien les philosophes (Aristote, Leibniz, Kant, Nietzsche, Jaspers), que les savants (Newton, Bichat, Claude, Bernard, Bernheim, Freud) et les écrivains (Diderot, Benjamin consistent, Balzac, Poe, Valéry).
L’ouvrage est une traversée originale de l. a. tradition occidentale : il éclaire successivement les fondements de los angeles technology et los angeles protestation des poètes, parcourant ainsi les chemins qui conduisent à nos perplexités présentes.
Read or Download Action et Réaction. Vie et Aventures d'un couple PDF
Similar literary criticism books
Writer be aware: Translated through H. Jay Harris
Revered as one of many nice literary classics of Japan,The stories of Ise is an nameless tenth-century selection of jap poems and prose. First released in 1608 as Ise-monogatori, the paintings is a made of courtroom existence during which the romantic assignations, intrigues, and social criteria of aristocratic society in historic Japan are vividly revealed.
Each of the a hundred twenty five episodes within the publication includes a narrative plus poetry within the uta form(five strains totaling thirty-one syllables) following the lifetime of a anonymous hero, who embodies the social beliefs of the period, from his "coming of age" to his death.
If nice writers are not easy to discover, then it's secure to assert nice literary critics are as infrequent as wild white tigers who can juggle plates. Edmund Wilson (1895-1972) used to be certainly one of America's most vital critics, and Axel's citadel was once the publication that placed him at the map. released in 1931, Axel's fort used to be Edmund Wilson's first publication of literary criticism--a landmark publication that explores the evolution of the French Symbolist stream and considers its impression on six significant twentieth-century writers: William Butler Yeats, Paul Valéry, T.
Situates Borges on the restrict of philosophy and literature.
Kant’s puppy presents clean perception into Borges’s preoccupation with the contradiction of the time that passes and the id that endures. by means of constructing the implicit good judgment of the Borgesian archive, that is regularly figured because the common call for for and worthy impossibility of translation, Kant’s puppy is ready to spell out Borges’s responses to the philosophical difficulties that almost all involved him, these of the structure of time, eternity, and identification; the decision of unique and duplicate; the legitimacy of authority; adventure; the character of language and the opportunity of a choice; and the identify of God. Kant’s puppy deals unique interpretations of numerous of Borges’s most sensible recognized and most crucial tales and of the works of key figures within the heritage of philosophy, together with Aristotle, Saint Paul, Maimonides, Hume, Locke, Kant, Heidegger, and Derrida. This research outlines Borges’s curious dating to literature and philosophy and, via a reconsideration of the relation among necessity and twist of fate, opens the query of the structure of philosophy and literature. The afterword develops the good judgment of translation towards the key on the center of each tradition as a way to posit a Borgesian problem to anthropology and cultural studies.
“Johnson focuses now not on Borges’s makes use of of his philosophical references, yet on how Borges could be introduced into classical debates in philosophy, on time, identification, God, and so on. His corpus of philosophers is novel within the context of Borges studies—we get Aristotle the following greater than Plato, Augustine and Aquinas, Maimonides and Averroes, Hegel and Kant, Agamben and Derrida. The influence is salutary: he exhibits how Borges’s concept takes up, and participates in, a few outdated (and a few new) philosophical debates. ” — Daniel Balderston, Director, Borges heart, collage of Pittsburgh, and editor of Variaciones Borges
“Kant’s puppy is a groundbreaking paintings that fills an enduring gap in Borges scholarship. Johnson fantastically brings jointly the discourses of literature and philosophy via Borges’s paintings. He offers unique and illuminating interpretations of a few of an important texts and difficulties in Borges’s oeuvre. ” — Kate Jenckes, writer of examining Borges after Benjamin: Allegory, Afterlife, and the Writing of History
David E. Johnson is affiliate Professor of Comparative Literature on the college at Buffalo, nation college of recent York. he's the coeditor of considering with Borges and coauthor (with Scott Michaelsen) of Anthropology’s Wake: getting to the tip of tradition.
Poetics of the Iconotext makes on hand for the 1st time in English the theories of the revered French text/image expert, Professor Liliane Louvel. A consolidation of the main major theoretical fabrics of Louvel's acclaimed books, L'Oeil du Texte: Texte et picture dans l. a. littérature anglophone and Texte/Image: photographs Ã lire, textes Ã voir, this newly conceived paintings introduces English readers to the most up-tp-date considering in French text/image concept and visible reports.
- Charlotte Brontë: A Fiery Heart
- Odd Jobs: Essays and Criticism
- The Symbolist Movement in Literature
- À travers Céline, la littérature
- A History of Reading
- Where Silence Reigns
Extra info for Action et Réaction. Vie et Aventures d'un couple
In Qu’est-ce que la littérature? (1947), Sartre wrote, “As for the Americans, it was not their cruelty or pessimism which moved us. ”33 Recalling the fear of Nazi torture recently experienced by French citizens, he advocated a literature of “extreme situations” that would be narrated ambiguously, without “all-knowing witnesses” (154–55). The novel, he insisted, must shift from “Newtonian mechanics to generalized relativity”; it should be peopled with “minds that [are] half lucid and half overcast, some of which we might consider with more sympathy than others, but none of which [should] have a privileged point of view” (155).
Both pictures, he argues, are “naive and romantic” in comparison with noir classics such as Kiss Me Deadly and Kiss Tomorrow Goodbye. He also predicts that “as the current political mood hardens, . . [t]he Forties may be to the Seventies what the Thirties were to the Sixties” (53). In The Great War and Modern Memory (1977), Paul Fussell has observed that writers always struggle to depict a new war by borrowing motifs from the previous one. Something akin to this process can be seen 34 The History of an Idea in Schrader’s essay, although in 1972 the Vietnam conflict had been on television for years, its imagery flowing together with the assassinations of the Kennedys and Martin Luther King, the military occupation of college campuses, the shootings at Kent State, the riots at the 1968 Democratic convention, the burning of Watts, and countless other scenes of domestic and international violence.
For them, prewar American novels offered a model—especially novels depicting a violent, corrupt world in which ambiguous personal action is the only redemptive gesture. In Qu’est-ce que la littérature? (1947), Sartre wrote, “As for the Americans, it was not their cruelty or pessimism which moved us. ”33 Recalling the fear of Nazi torture recently experienced by French citizens, he advocated a literature of “extreme situations” that would be narrated ambiguously, without “all-knowing witnesses” (154–55).
Action et Réaction. Vie et Aventures d'un couple by Jean Starobinski