Action et Réaction. Vie et Aventures d'un couple - download pdf or read online

By Jean Starobinski

ISBN-10: 2020217953

ISBN-13: 9782020217958

Pourquoi dans l. a. vie quotidienne, affirme-t-on qu’une state of affairs intolérable appelle une réaction ? remark les biologistes en sont-ils venus à penser les rapports du vivant et du milieu en termes d’interaction ? Pour quelle raison l. a. psychiatrie a-t-elle adopté, il y a un siècle, l. a. catégorie des affections réactionnelles ? Pourquoi le idea d’abréaction fut-il inventé puis abandonné par los angeles première psychanalyse ? Que veut-on faire entendre, quand on déclare qu’une politique est réactionnaire ? Dire que le totalitarisme nazi fut une réaction au totalitarisme communiste, n’est-ce pas l’excuser ? Le mot « réaction » et ses dérivés offrent leurs providers pour l’explication causale comme pour los angeles compréhension par sympathie. Ils nous viennent à l’esprit quand nous cherchons des réponses à nos problèmes. Or ces mots, précisément, ne font-ils pas problème ?C’est l’occasion pour, Jean Starobinski, d’examiner les filières intellectuelles à travers lesquelles le mot « réaction » et ses dérivés nous sont parvenus. Ce livre remonte au rôle que leur attribua l. a. scolastique, mais aboutit aux interrogations qui entourent aujourd’hui l. a. thought de progrès, sans laquelle l. a. réaction politique ne peut être pensée. Il convoque aussi bien les philosophes (Aristote, Leibniz, Kant, Nietzsche, Jaspers), que les savants (Newton, Bichat, Claude, Bernard, Bernheim, Freud) et les écrivains (Diderot, Benjamin consistent, Balzac, Poe, Valéry).

L’ouvrage est une traversée originale de l. a. tradition occidentale : il éclaire successivement les fondements de los angeles technology et los angeles protestation des poètes, parcourant ainsi les chemins qui conduisent à nos perplexités présentes.

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Extra info for Action et Réaction. Vie et Aventures d'un couple

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In Qu’est-ce que la littérature? (1947), Sartre wrote, “As for the Americans, it was not their cruelty or pessimism which moved us. ”33 Recalling the fear of Nazi torture recently experienced by French citizens, he advocated a literature of “extreme situations” that would be narrated ambiguously, without “all-knowing witnesses” (154–55). The novel, he insisted, must shift from “Newtonian mechanics to generalized relativity”; it should be peopled with “minds that [are] half lucid and half overcast, some of which we might consider with more sympathy than others, but none of which [should] have a privileged point of view” (155).

Both pictures, he argues, are “naive and romantic” in comparison with noir classics such as Kiss Me Deadly and Kiss Tomorrow Goodbye. He also predicts that “as the current political mood hardens, . . [t]he Forties may be to the Seventies what the Thirties were to the Sixties” (53). In The Great War and Modern Memory (1977), Paul Fussell has observed that writers always struggle to depict a new war by borrowing motifs from the previous one. Something akin to this process can be seen 34 The History of an Idea in Schrader’s essay, although in 1972 the Vietnam conflict had been on television for years, its imagery flowing together with the assassinations of the Kennedys and Martin Luther King, the military occupation of college campuses, the shootings at Kent State, the riots at the 1968 Democratic convention, the burning of Watts, and countless other scenes of domestic and international violence.

For them, prewar American novels offered a model—especially novels depicting a violent, corrupt world in which ambiguous personal action is the only redemptive gesture. In Qu’est-ce que la littérature? (1947), Sartre wrote, “As for the Americans, it was not their cruelty or pessimism which moved us. ”33 Recalling the fear of Nazi torture recently experienced by French citizens, he advocated a literature of “extreme situations” that would be narrated ambiguously, without “all-knowing witnesses” (154–55).

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Action et Réaction. Vie et Aventures d'un couple by Jean Starobinski

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